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Can I legally use a cloned AI voice of my deceased father for commercial purposes, such as audiobooks or voiceovers, without infringing on any copyright or ethical issues?

Voice cloning through AI involves training a machine learning model on existing audio recordings of a person' specialized software to create a digital replica of their unique vocal characteristics (MIT Tech Review, 2023).

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has not yet established clear guidelines on the ethical use of AI-generated voices, leaving the interpretation and implementation of such guidelines up to individual countries.

In the United States, there are currently no specific laws that directly address the use of AI-generated voices or deepfakes for commercial purposes.

However, relevant existing laws include the Right of Publicity and the Lanham Act (Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 122023).

The Uniform commercial code (UCC) generally prevents the sale, transfer, and licensing of a deceased person’s name and li dish, but it may not apply in cases of AI-generated voices due to the lack of specific laws (Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 122023).

The use of AI-generated voices in the EU is subject to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

However, it is still unclear whether deceased individuals are covered under GDPR (European Data Protection Board, 2023).

Companies and services that provide AI-generated voices, such as Resemble AI or Descript, emphasize the need for user consent and encourage the creation of synthetic media for recreating past events or for entertainment purposes only (Resemble AI, 2023).

The Alan Colmes Preservation Act, a federal bill in the US Congress (2022), aims to protect the legacies of public figures and the public.

while AI technology may advance, the usage of such tools has to be kept mindful of ethical implications (Library of Congress, 12022).

The increasing use of AI-generated voices has led to concerns about potential misuse and negative consequences, including emotional manipulation, disinformation, fraud, and invasion of privacy (Federal Trade Commission, 2024).

The Global Summit on AI Ethics and Privacy, held in Geneva (2024), addressed the challenges posed by AI-generated voices, resulting in several recommendations to policymakers and the technology industry for responsible use (Global Digital Policy Alliance, 2024).

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) released a report (2024) urging countries to establish and implement national strategies for the safe use of AI-generated voices in a way that upholds human rights and dignity.

An international committee on AI ethics has been established under the auspica of the World Economic Summit (2024), addressing the need for awareness in the development, deployment, and use of AI-generated voices.

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